Carbon emissions on track to rise this year

With a target of cutting emissions by about 202 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent by 2030 through blending petrol with ethanol a sugarcane-derived fuel Zimbabwe has made some progress

"Even though we project carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels and industry to increase 2% in 2017, large uncertainties persist, and growth [rates] between 1% and 3% are distinct possibilities given difficulties in making projections".

The 2017 carbon budget, now in its 12th year, says global carbon dioxide emissions from all human activities like fossil fuels, industry and change of land-use will reach around 41 billion tonnes carbon dioxide this year.

Their data - presented during negotiations among nearly 200 nations in Germany about details of the 2015 Paris Agreement climate accord - are a setback to a global goal of curbing emissions to avert more downpours, heat waves, and rising sea levels.

Researchers warned that the goals of the Paris pact could fall out of reach without concerted efforts to speed up the transition to a low carbon economy. Corinne Le Quéré, director of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research at the University of East Anglia.

Despite the noted increase in emissions due to the burning of fossil fuels, the United States' official position at the Bonn climate talks has been to support the use of fossil fuels as solutions to climate change.

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As the world's biggest emitter China's projected 3.5% increase is a big contributor to the global trend.

"With global carbon dioxide emissions from all human activities estimated at 41 billion tons for 2017, time is running out on our ability to keep warming well below 2 degrees Celsius let alone 1.5 degrees Celsius", said Le Quéré.

He added that it was too early to be confident about the precise figure for China, which may range between 0.7 and 5.4% emissions growth.

However, experts said that an already hugely ambitious target had been thrown further into doubt with the likely increase in Carbon dioxide emissions this year. "As GDP rises, we produce more goods, which, by design, produces more emissions", Jackson added.

The report says in the last decade (2007-2016), emissions in 22 countries (representing 20 per cent of global emissions) decreased even as their economies grew.

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Yang Fuqiang, senior adviser for the NRDC China Program, said the eventual carbon emissions of 2017 could be lower than forecast, as authorities have put on a large-scale production curb on industries such as steel and cement to combat air pollution during winter months.

Coal's gains are linked to an increase in the price of natural gas, which makes coal more attractive in power plants, Peters told Reuters, rather than to the effects of US President Donald Trump's pro-coal policies.

"Global CO2 emissions appear to be going up strongly once again after a three-year stable period".

In the USA, emissions are projected to decline 0.4 per cent (minus 2.7 per cent to plus 1.9 per cent) in 2017, lower than the decline of 1.2 per cent per year averaged over the previous decade, with an unexpected rise in coal consumption (GDP up about 2.2 per cent in 2017).

India, meanwhile, posted its smallest annual emissions increase since 2000.

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Indian emissions are expected to grow by 2 percent in 2017, but that is in comparison to increases of 6 percent per year over the past decade. Read the original here.

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